How to Connect Roku to TV Without HDMI | Step By Step

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In the age of streaming, Roku has emerged as a popular choice for turning regular TVs into smart TVs. While most modern TVs support HDMI connections, some older models might not have this option. This article provides a step-by-step guide on how to connect a Roku device to a TV without an HDMI port.

Understanding Roku Compatibility

Before proceeding, it’s essential to identify the type of Roku device you have. Some models, like Roku Express+, have both HDMI and composite audio/video options, making them more versatile for older TVs.

Step 1: Identifying Your TV’s Available Ports

Start by checking the back or sides of your TV for available input ports. Common types include:

  • Composite: These ports are usually marked with yellow (video), red, and white (audio) colors.
  • Component: Similar to composite, but with additional blue and green ports for better video quality.
  • VGA: Mostly found in older TVs and computer monitors.
  • s Used for older cable connections.

Step 2: Choosing the Right Roku Model

If your TV lacks an HDMI port, consider the Roku models with composite cable support. The Roku Express+ (older versions) is a good example.

Step 3: Acquiring the Necessary Adapters

If your Roku device only has an HDMI output, you’ll need an HDMI-to-composite or HDMI-to-component converter, depending on your TV’s inputs. These converters are readily available online or in electronic stores.

Step 4: Connecting Roku to the TV

Once you have the right converter:

  1. Connect the Roku device to the converter using an HDMI cable.
  2. Connect the converter to the TV using the appropriate composite or component cables.
  3. If using a VGA or coaxial converter, follow the specific instructions provided with the converter.

Step 5: Powering the Roku Device

Plug your Roku device into a power source. Some models can be powered via a USB port on the TV, while others require an external power adapter.

Step 6: Setting Up the TV

Turn on your TV and select the input channel corresponding to the port used for the Roku connection (like AV, Component, etc.).

Step 7: Setting Up Roku

Once the Roku welcome screen appears, follow the on-screen instructions to set up your Roku device. This includes connecting to your Wi-Fi network and logging into your Roku account.

Step 8: Troubleshooting Common Issues

  • If there’s no video, check the connections and ensure you’re on the correct TV input.
  • For audio issues, verify that the red and white audio cables are properly connected.
  • In case of poor video quality, ensure the converter is compatible with your Roku model.

Additional Tips

  • For a wireless connection, consider using a Roku Streaming Stick, which directly plugs into the HDMI port of an HDMI-to-wireless converter.
  • Keep your Roku device and TV firmware updated for optimal performance.


Connecting a Roku device to a TV without an HDMI port might seem challenging, but with the right tools and steps, it can be done efficiently. This setup allows you to enjoy streaming on older TV models, ensuring you don’t miss out on the smart TV experience.

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